A decision-making profession

JUDGING IN THE NAME OF THE FRENCH PEOPLE

Judges adjudicate conflicts between people and punish the perpetrators of criminal offences.  Whether they are judges in district courts, protection dispute judges (the new juges des contentieux de protection (JCP), who have recently replaced the juges d’instance), juvenile judges, investigating judges or sentence enforcement judges, they all make their decisions after studying the case file and hearing the parties involved. The judge's work is divided between examining case files, making decisions, listening and arbitrating. Decisions are given "in the name of the French people".

ENSURING COMPLIANCE WITH PUBLIC POLICY AND DEFENDING THE COLLECTIVE INTEREST

The job of prosecutors is to defend society's interests and ensure compliance with public policy. Public prosecutors and deputy public prosecutors are mainly involved in criminal cases. When an offence or crime is committed, they examine complaints and police reports and decide what action to take. They direct police enquiries and ensure that sentences are enforced.  Their job also covers the protection of vulnerable or fragile citizens and generally defending the collective interest. In court, they represent society and propose decisions to judges.

BECOMING A MEMBER OF THE JUDICIAL AUTHORITY BY SWEARING AN OATH

At the start of their training at the National School for the Judiciary (ENM), trainee judges and prosecutors swear an oath. This takes place at a solemn ceremony that marks their entry into the judicial institution, not only in a capacity as observers but as active members of the Justice system. The oath allows them to access the heart of what it means to be a member of the judiciary as they participate in their placements in the Judicial Courts (Regional Courts until the end of 2019).

DISCOVER THE TRAINEE JUDGES AND PROSECUTORS WHO TOOK THE OATH IN FEBRUARY 2019:

(video in French)